Shawna Lynn Cox

Paramilitary – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramilitary

“paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, and which is not included as part of a state’s formal armed forces.”

“Under the law of war, a state may incorporate a paramilitary organization or armed agency (such as a national police, a private volunteer militia) into its combatant armed forces.”

SLC notes: Law of War

“Organizations that have been described as paramilitary are as diverse as the Minutemen, youth groups (from scouting to the Pioneer movement), and even martially-themed boarding schools”

“a combatant force or organization, more military-like than civilian.”

“equivalent to a military’s light infantry force in terms of intensity, firepower and organizational structure.”

“may also commonly fall under the command of a militar”

“”paramilitaries” may include:

Irregular military forces: militias, guerrillas, insurgents, and so forth

The auxiliary forces of a state’s military: National Guard, Presidential Guard, Republican Guard

Some kinds of police forces, such as auxiliary police

Gendarmeries, such as Egyptian Central Security Forces and India’s Central Reserve Police Force

Border guards, such as Russia’s Border Guard Service

Security forces of ambiguous military status: Internal Troops, Railroad Guards or Railway troops

Militarized law enforcement personnel, such as SWAT teams in the United States

Foreign volunteers

Youth Military Cadet Organisations, such as Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps , Bangladesh National Cadet Corps

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the term is often restricted to the various armed groups involved in the Northern Ireland Troubles, such as the Ulster Volunteer Force or the Provisional Irish Republican Army.”

“Examples[edit]

The RENEA of Albania

The Basij of Iran

Worker-Peasant Red Guards rally the red flag in Samjiyon, North Korea

The Department of Homeland Security-related agencies in the United States

The GSG-9 of Germany

The Kaitseliit in Estonia

The Zemessardze in Latvia

The Legião Portuguesa (Estado Novo) of Portugal

The Rangers of Pakistan

The Spetsnaz of Russia

The State Defense Forces of individual states in the United States

The SWAT units of some law enforcement agencies in the United States

The Dignity Battalions of Panama

The Border Security Force of India

The Tonton Macoute of Haiti in 1959

The 69 Komando PGK as Multi Spectrum Special Force of Royal Malaysian Police

The Pasukan Gerakan Am as Paramilitary Force of Royal Malaysian Police”

“See also[edit]

Military history portal

Category:Rebel militia groups

Weimar paramilitary groups

List of Serbian paramilitary formations

Militarization of police

Fourth-generation warfare

Private army

Death squad

Violent non-state actor”

 

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